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餐饮行业为什么要安装油烟净化器?

来源:http://www.jnlxcfpy.com/添加时间:2019-08-15 10:13:33
  食用油烟雾是大气中挥发性有机化合物(VOCS)和PM10(可吸入颗粒物,颗粒小于10微米)的主要来源之一。在导致肺癌的因素中,食用油烟雾是仅次于“深吸”烟雾到达深呼吸道的危险因素。油烟的强渗透性和粘性对周围环境(包括人、建筑物等受体)的影响。
  Edible oil smoke is one of the main sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCS) and PM10 (inhalable particulate matter, particulate matter less than 10 microns) in the atmosphere. Among the factors leading to lung cancer, edible oil smoke is the second risk factor after "deep breathing" smoke to reach the deep respiratory tract. The influence of the strong permeability and stickiness of lampblack on the surrounding environment (including human and building receptors).
  餐馆没有空气净化器就不能营业。国家环保总局责令各省、市、自治区、直辖市环保局和重点环境保护城市环保局将烟尘污染纳入正常的环境管理工作。严禁无组织排烟,无通风设备、净化设备的,必须安装通风设施和净化设备。排放标准应符合《炊烟排放标准(试行)》(gb18483 - 2001)。
  Restaurants cannot operate without air purifiers. The State Environmental Protection Administration ordered the environmental protection bureaus of provinces, cities, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government and the environmental protection bureaus of key environmental protection cities to incorporate smoke and dust pollution into the normal environmental management work. It is strictly forbidden to exhaust smoke without organization, to install ventilation facilities and purification equipment. The emission standards should meet the "smoke emission standards (trial implementation)" (gb18483 - 2001).
  从以下几个方面可以看出:
  It can be seen from the following aspects:
  1. 什么是炊事烟雾净化器?
  1. What is a cooking smoke purifier?
  油烟净化器是指对烹饪和食品加工过程中产生的油烟进行净化的设备
  Oil fume purifier refers to the equipment that purifies the oil fume produced in cooking and food processing.
  2. 为什么餐馆没有油烟净化器就不能营业?
  2. Why can't restaurants operate without soot purifiers?
  (1)的环境保护部中华人民共和国(mep)严格要求环境保护机构(办事处)的所有省、城市、自治区、直辖市人民政府的环境保护部门环保重点城市包括煤烟污染问题在正常范围的环境管理;严禁无组织排烟,无通风设备、净化设备的,必须安装通风设施和净化设备。排放标准应符合《炊烟排放标准(试行)》(gb18483 - 2001)
  (1) The Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China (mep) strictly requires all environmental protection departments of the people's governments of provinces, cities, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government of environmental protection agencies (offices) to carry out environmental management within the normal range of soot pollution, and strictly prohibits smoke exhaust without organization, ventilation and purification equipment. Ventilation facilities and purification equipment must be installed. Emission standards should conform to the "smoke emission standards (trial implementation)" (gb18483 - 2001)
  (2)环保局2010年克拉玛依城市环境保护工作会议的要求,和“2010”关注民生的“执行计划”的具体措施,积极开展具体工作的监管,餐饮业油烟、噪声污染干道,全市城市居民小区在餐饮行业和移动烧烤经营过程中全面实施了油烟、噪声污染的综合治理,力争实现餐饮污染物排放达标,油烟净化装置安装利用率达到95%;
  (2) The requirements of the 2010 Karamay Urban Environmental Protection Working Conference of the Environmental Protection Bureau and the specific measures of "2010" concerning the people's livelihood, actively carry out the supervision of specific work, cooking fume and noise pollution trunk roads in catering industry, and the urban residential districts in the whole city have implemented cooking fume in the catering industry and mobile barbecue business process in an all-round way. The comprehensive treatment of noise pollution strives to achieve the discharge standard of catering pollutants, and the installation and utilization rate of oil fume purification device reaches 95%.
  (3)根据《克拉玛依市城市管理委员会和区城市管理长效机制评价标准》,《环境保护管理》第三条:无烟气净化装置的餐厅,每户扣除0.5分。
  (3) According to "Evaluation Criteria of Long-term Mechanism of Urban Management of Karamay City and District", Article 3 of Environmental Protection Management: Restaurants without smoke purification devices, 0.5 points are deducted from each household.
济南厨房排烟管道
  3.油烟对环境和身体有害
  3. Oil fume is harmful to environment and health
  食用油烟雾是大气中挥发性有机化合物(VOCS)和PM10(可吸入颗粒物,颗粒小于10微米)的主要来源之一。油烟的强渗透性和黏性对周围环境(包括人、建筑物等受体)有很大的影响。
  Edible oil smoke is one of the main sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCS) and PM10 (inhalable particulate matter, particulate matter less than 10 microns) in the atmosphere. The strong permeability and viscidity of soot have a great impact on the surrounding environment (including human, building and other receptors).
  4. 国家对油烟排放的要求是什么?
  4. What are the requirements of the state for the emission of lampblack?
  a的环境保护部发布的中华人民共和国国家环境保护标准(gwpb5 - 2000) 2月29日,2000年,在餐饮业油烟的排放标准(试验),并具体规定了实施范围、排放限制、监控和实施标准。本标准自2000年7月1日起实施;
  A The National Environmental Protection Standards of the People's Republic of China (gwpb5 - 2000) issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, February 29, 2000, the emission standard (test) of cooking fume in catering industry, and specifies the scope of implementation, emission limitations, monitoring and implementation standards. This standard has been implemented since July 1, 2000.
  b .全国餐饮业的油烟排放标准明确规定,餐饮业油烟排放的单位,必须安装油烟净化设施,确保他们操作时按照要求操作,和无组织排放的油烟应当视为超出标准;
  B. The national standards for cooking fume emission in catering industry clearly stipulate that the Units discharging cooking fumes in catering industry must install cooking fume purification facilities to ensure that they operate in accordance with the requirements, and that the fumes discharged without organization should be regarded as exceeding the standards.
  C.油烟净化器不保养,保养时间长,净化效率低。环境监测队发现并限期整改。
  C. Oil fume purifier is not maintained for a long time, and its purification efficiency is low. The Environmental Monitoring Team found and fixed the time limit for rectification.
  可见,餐饮业不安装油烟净化器,不仅影响周围居民的健康,遇到投诉,还会受到环保部门的处罚。
  It can be seen that the catering industry does not install lampblack purifier, which not only affects the health of the surrounding residents, but also suffers from complaints and punishment by the environmental protection department.

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